RAHIMA MOOSA HOSPITAL EXTENSION
This extension to an existing public hospital focuses design attention on the most public areas of the building in order to elevate the daily experience of staff and patients.
“The architecture and design has created a working space that has lifted the spirits of people who have all too often been used to working in overcrowded and dull areas in the public health sphere with no regard for beauty and elegance that this building displays.” Prof. Ashraf Coovadia, HOD, Dept of Paediatrics & Child Health, Rahima Moosa Mother and Child Hospital
The Rahima Moosa Mother and Child Hospital is situated in the sprawling suburban landscape of Coronationville, an Apartheid neighbourhood laid out to house Johannesburg’s mixed-race inhabitants. The extension is for the Empilweni Services and Research Unit (ESRU), a paediatric research unit embedded in the Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of the Witwatersrand, leading the partnership with the University and the Department of Health at the hospital.
The new addition was designed as a ‘clone’ of one of the original three-storey blocks at the back of the hospital, replicating the original pattern of blocks joined by perpendicular links. Originally designed by Gordon Leith, the unassuming brick buildings still display fine proportions and details despite being worn. By taking the radical decision to simply copy an existing building, the major design effort could be directed towards the structure linking the new block to its older counterpart and forming. The resulting H-shaped footprint creates two well-defined outdoor courtyards. One welcomes patients and the other serves as an outdoor playground and waiting area for children and parents. The emphasis on the public spaces makes a strong commitment to the public interface of the sprawling hospital complex.
Vast expanses of exposed brick, the default low-maintenance material for public buildings of this area, and an ad-hoc accruement of services dominate the human experience when around the hospital. The link building received a bright tiled façade, which was developed in collaboration with artist Lorenzo Nassimbeni. Its pattern was generated from the layered suburban landscape in which the building stands. Common white and black tiles were laid out and interspersed with precious metal mosaics, alluding to the history of gold in Johannesburg, but also to the points of value embedded in a rather harsh urban landscape. Working in an abstract manner allowed for multiple interpretations, from a landscape to a woven fabric to a heartbeat. Despite the fact that the neighbouring blocks are in very close proximity to the link building, each adjacent office has a different view onto the artwork. The changing light causes the metal tiles to sparkle and shine, adding an unexpected preciousness to an extreme utilitarian environment. In the words of one of the doctors: “The artwork adds bling, and I love bling”.26’10 project team: Thorsten Deckler, Anne Graupner, Paul Devenish, Isabel van Wyk-de Gouveia, Nicci Labuschagne, Kegan Stokes, Shani Fakir, Carlo van Aardt, Matthew Leichti, Romeo Banza, Christine Brand
Façade artwork designed by Lorenzo Nassimbeni, built by D.ash Design Construction and Beautification
Featured in Digest of South African Architecture, 2016
Photographed by David Southwood